Current Trends In Autism Research – Hope For The Future


Most people know something about autism, yet few recognize it as a social cognition disorder. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) impacts communication, social interaction and learning. — Sandra Bond Chapman Ph.D.

Like many other conditions, Autism has become a major research focus for researchers in most part of the world over the years. Based on available reports, one in forty-two boys and one in eighty-nine girls suffer from autism in the United States of America alone, and might have become an issue for institutions such as . Moreover, there are around seven hundred thousand people in the United Kingdom living with autism.

While there is no known cure for this condition, continued research and innovations are carried out to fully understand and put an end to this condition. Theories and therapies change all the time. Hence, it is important for parents, teachers, and caregivers to stay up to date on the latest research trends.


According to the US Department of Health and Human Services Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee (IACC), the ongoing research on Autism Spectral Disorder (more commonly dubbed “ASD”) covers seven core areas which seek to provide answers about:

  • The process by which autism occurs in a child.
  • The factors that could cause autism and possible methods of prevention.
  • How to implement changes in the current infrastructure to take care of autistic individuals.
  • How autistic individuals go about their daily lives from birth till adulthood.
  • The accessibility and effectiveness of autism care and services.
  • The necessity for an early autism diagnosis.
  • Potential cures, promising inventions, and treatments for autism.


Trends In The Biological Process Of Autism

Based on the reports of IACC, it is estimated that about thirty-eight percent (38%) of autism research is centered on the biological process of autism. This involves carrying out experiments that will help understand how and why autism occurs. Experiments are conducted to help understand the relationship between autism and other health conditions, genetic mutations, and neurological functions.

One of the core symptoms of autism is a lack of social interaction, especially for young children. — Katherine K.M. Stavropoulos Ph.D. 

Research On Risk Factors

This area focuses on the likely causes that may lead a child down to the autistic path. Interestingly, researchers theorize that the two main factors that lead to autism are environmental factors and genetic make ups.

A study carried out discovered that about twelve percent of mothers of autistic children expressed antibodies that are thought to possibly attack the brain of the fetus during pregnancy. Moreover, this experiment was replicated in pregnant rhesus monkeys, giving a result that the offspring also had ASD.


Research on the Lifespan of ASD patients



This area of ASD research has been sparsely explored. It has been reported that only about four percent of the autism research is focused on this field. Based on a recent research, employment should be offered to autistic adults rather than offering them day care services.


Diagnosis of Autism

As a parent or a concerned loved one, it is imperative to know when you should have your child diagnosed with Autism Spectral Disorder. In fact, eleven percent of the ongoing research focuses specifically on the area of Autism diagnosis. Various research efforts are being made and numerous equipment are under construction to ensure that autism can be diagnosed as early as possible.


On The Area Of Infrastructure And Surveillance

Given the number of studies, the research concentration on infrastructure and surveillance of ASD seems to be the lowest. It has been reported that only about three percent of research is focused on creating awareness, public education on certain risk factors and peculiarities of specific societies and culture.

New research on language skills development suggests that all children can benefit from exposure to more speech from their caregivers. The study is the first to extend research about the relationship between caregiver speech and infant language development from typically developing children to those with autism. — Rick Nauert PhD



So Is There Hope In The Future?

As of this moment, there is no known cure for Autism Spectral Disorder. However, it is not from lack of trying. According to IACC, about nineteen percent of the total ASD research is focused on new treatments, innovations, and interventions for autism. This research field covers various aspects that encompass everything from novel drug treatments to behavioral therapies. Various forms of play and activities have been identified to help children make progress with autism.

However, we are still far from developing a cure to end autism. Nevertheless, there is still endless optimism. One day soon, this genetic disorder will be a thing of the past.


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